Are dark spots ruining, not only your life but also your otherwise clear and perfect skin? Or maybe your skin isn’t quite perfect, but you’re absolutely certain that it would look better if it was more even-toned?

You’re not alone.

There are tons of women who experience hyperpigmentation or the darkening of the skin. Now make no mistake, melanin is amazing and dark skin is gorgeous. However, when hyperpigmentation causes your skin tone to be uneven, it can cause some confidence problems.

What causes dark spots?

Dark spots are caused by a number of different things and in some cases they are unavoidable. Acne, hormone shifts, and sun exposure can all cause dark spots. Some people never experience dark spots. However, for many of us, they are an unavoidable part of life.

One of the foremost causes of dark spots is exposure to harmful UV radiation, which is a fancy way of saying — sunscreen is important, so wear it! However, even if you miss putting on sunscreen once, you may develop dark spots. They are caused by a chemical reaction between UV rays and melanin. So if you’re like 99% of the population who has at one point gone outside without sunscreen *gasp* it’s possible that you will develop dark spots.

If you happen to be in the 85% of people between the ages of 12 and 24 who experience acne, according to data from the American Academy of Dermatology, dark spots may appear in the form of acne scars.

Hormonal changes can also trigger the appearance of dark spots. Women who have periods may notice the sudden appearance of dark spots on their face at some point during their cycle. This is completely normal and simply a reaction to hormones.

Experiencing dark spots can also be hereditary. Research demonstrates that certain groups experience dark spots more frequently than others. The research suggested that certain genes played a role in skin pigment disorders, specifically in Indian and Asian populations which were the focus of the study.

How can I treat my dark spots?

If your dark spots are causing you stress, there are options for treatment, such as skin creams and serums containing the chemical/active ingredient hydroquinone. This chemical has been approved by the FDA for limited use on skin to lessen the appearance of dark spots, other countries such as South Africa and Canada have differing opinions of its safety. The chemical works to decrease the melanin in the skin, in other words, it is a skin bleaching chemical.

Some side effects of hydroquinone are dryness and irritation. However, some people may experience skin peeling, inflammation, and increasing darkening of the skin. Before making a final decision on whether or not hydroquinone is right for you, it’s important to do additional research.

A Final Note

Skin bleaching has been a taboo subject among people of color. However, as this article portrays some of the issues of uneven skin, it’s important to take pride in your imperfections and love the skin that you’re in. Uneven skin can’t take away from your natural beauty.

Confidence is key!

However, we at BeautyxScience want to take this time to fully recognize and celebrate the beauty of all skin types and tone. Although the beauty industry is arriving late for this celebration, they will arrive and until then, we will continue to celebrate.

Got any tips or tricks that you’ve used to successfully get rid of or prevent dark spots from reoccurring? If you put on sunscreen religiously or you have a skin-smoothing serum that you swear by, share your routines and favorite products in the comments section below!

Love, BxS.

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